Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

HEART BYPASS SURGERY

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (or known as CABG) is a surgical procedure improving blood flow to the heart’s muscle by creating a new path (or bypass) from the blocked part of the blood vessel. The new line uses healthy blood vessels taken from the patients’ arm, leg, or chest. 

CABG is one of the most common types of open heart surgery that has been performed in many countries.

For people with coronary artery issue, the surgery can save their lives. It can also improve the quality of live. In some particular groups of people, especially, such action can prolong the patients’ lives. 

However, prevention is always better than cure or medicine. If possible, try to maintain a healthy lifestyle rather than treating the issue when it has already happened. 

CABG SURGERY COULD BE AN OPTION WHEN :

  • they experience shortness of breath or chest discomfort, which was caused by the blood vessels being narrowed. Keep in mind that blood vessels are responsible for supplying blood to the heart muscle.
  • In some cases, the Angiplasty and Stenting procedure can help. However, for several obstruction types, it is better to go with coronary bypass procedure.
  • Patients have more than one type of coronary artery issue and the function of the heart muscle has been impaired.
  • The patients’ left coronary artery has been severely blocked or narrowed

BENEFITS OF CABG SURGERY

  • Improve the quality of life
  • Prolong the life expectancy of a certain age group
  • Improve the function of the heart
  • Reduce the risk of future heart attack
  • Increase the chances of surviving a possible future heart attack
  • Most people who have undergone the surgery have around 80% to 90% chances of not experiencing heart issue symptoms within a minimum 10 years – after the procedure

THE POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS

In general, the risk of possible complication would be small or slim. If there is any, doctors will discuss it with the patients before the surgery is performed.

POST SURGERY TREATMENT

  • After the surgery, it is advisable that patients follow the cardiac rehabilitation program. It is an educational and training program often times taking place while the patients are still under careful monitoring at the hospital. They can continue the program after they become outpatients.
  • At home, patients are advised to perform light training (and exercise) while avoiding extreme physical activities for at least 4 week to 6 weeks. Schedules will be made for check-up within a week after the surgery and a month later afterwards.
  • Within 6 week to 8 weeks after the surgery, patients can resume driving their vehicles. They can also perform light activities at work after 8 weeks, depending on their type of jobs and professions.
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